Increases in FDI, retail sales and industrial production

In the first 10 months of 2021, foreign direct investment (FDI) in actual use in China reached CNY943.15 billion, an increase of 17.8% year-on-year. The annual growth rate reached 23.4% in U.S. dollar terms. FDI used in the services sector rose 20.3% year-on-year to CNY752.52 billion, and FDI used in high-tech industries increased by 23.7%, up by 27.9% in high-tech services and 10% in high-tech manufacturing. Actual investment from countries and regions involved in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) increased by 30.7% and that from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) rose by 29.5%.

China's economy delivered better-than-expected numbers in October as retail sales and industrial production went up, beating consensus forecasts. Industrial output increased by 3.5% year-on-year, compared with 3.1% in September, while industrial value-added from January to October increased 10.9% on a yearly basis, data from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) showed. Retail sales reached CNY4.05 trillion in October, up 4.9% year-on-year. The rate was 0.5 percentage points higher than the previous month. It was the second consecutive month that the year-on-year growth of China's retail sales accelerated, after the rate slowed for six months in a row to this year's lowest point of 2.5% in August. From January to October, total retail sales reached CNY35.85 trillion, an increase of 14.9% compared with 2020. Investment in fixed assets from January to October rose 6.1% on a yearly basis, which was below market expectations. The growth rate also slowed from the 7.3% recorded for the first nine months as a cooling property market weighed on the economy. Lu Ting, Chief China Economist for Nomura Holdings, said that China's CPI will rise by 2.5% in November, from 1.5% in October. Observers said the rise in the PPI will inch down slowly in November, after expanding by 13.5% in October, the highest since 1995.

A number of Chinese provinces in recent days have announced major infrastructure projects. Guangxi unveiled major construction projects with a total investment of CNY185.9 billion, including transportation, new energy, logistics and basic infrastructure. Xi'an, capital of Shaanxi province, launched 100 power grid projects with a total investment of CNY65 billion, while Hubei presented 805 projects worth CNY452 billion. China's fixed-asset investment (FAI) stalled in the third quarter. In the first three quarters, China's FAI grew 7.3%, slowing 1.6 percentage points compared with the first eight months.